How can you spot a narcissist? A narcissist is someone who lacks empathy, has an overblown sense of self-importance, an overwhelming desire for attention and esteem, and issues in relationships. Such a person may appear confident, but in reality suffers from low self-esteem and shatters under even the smallest critique.
People in relationships with a narcissist can find themselves the victims of narcissistic abuse where they are taken advantage of and are poorly treated. If you know someone who exhibits the personality of a narcissist, there is a chance they display some of the signs described below.
Verbal abuse: Many people might describe this as bullying behavior. It can also include constant criticizing, shaming, demeaning, and blaming. This type of abuse often feels as though it was completely unwarranted or as if it came out of nowhere. It can feel very attacking and targeted when it occurs. Verbal abuse of this nature is likely to be more frequent as well.
Manipulation: It can be used to get people to do what they want. Narcissists can also be very good at turning the tables in conversations. They can make things seem different than what they really are. They also use manipulation through gaslighting, making you doubt your own thoughts and beliefs to the point where you are not sure if what happened was real or if it was all in your head.
Competitive: Narcissists can become extremely competitive, wanting to “win” at all costs. They will not be afraid to cheat or act unethically if it means they get where they want to be. In regular conversation, they also have the tendency to one-up people to inflate their own sense of self.
Punishing: If you were to go against a narcissist through disagreement or you did not do what they wanted you to do, you might receive a “punishment” from them. They accomplish this through direct threats, ignoring you, withholding love or affection, or even spreading lies or rumors about you.
Physical abuse: While physical abuse is not always present, it can be a sign of narcissistic abuse. It can be potentially violent behavior like hitting or pushing you against the wall. It can also come in the form of coercion or intimidation like hovering over you or backing you into a corner to make you feel trapped.
In the same way that personality disorders and even personality traits in general range on a continuum, so do narcissistic personalities. Not every narcissist is going to display all of these signs. Some of these signs in isolation might not be considered abusive. However, the frequency and intensity in which they occur can be considered highly abusive. It is helpful to be aware of these signs as well as the symptoms of a narcissistic personality.
If you feel you are in an abusive relationship, it is important to know you are not alone. Getting out of an abusive relationship can be extremely difficult. Please find someone to talk to who can provide you with safety and support.