verbal abuse

How to Recognize Verbal Abuse

Verbal abuse often goes unnoticed and unrecognized. It is more subtle than physical abuse yet can cause similar emotional damage.  Verbal abuse can occur in any relationship:  home, spousal, friendships, or work. It involves using words to hurt, control, or manipulate another person.  It is most commonly addressed in the context of a significant other. […]

live life

Live Your Life

DO YOU. There has been recent attention drawn to this expression, reflecting the message to be yourself.  Being you and doing you starts with knowing yourself. In one of his last appearances, Steve Jobs shared this profound message: “Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma […]

overbearing mother

Let’s Understand Serial Monogamy

Monogamy in and of itself is often considered a positive, desirable attribute of a relationship in western culture. It is when two people commit to date or marry each other, without having such a relationship with anyone else at the same time. Serial monogamy suggests commitment to the relationship, yet for a limited time.  It […]


The Best Mindfulness Apps You Should be Using

“As countless people have discovered over the past twenty-five years, mindfulness is the most reliable source of peace and joy.” -Tich Naht Hahn The term mindfulness is heard everywhere, including corporate boardrooms. So, what is the buzz about mindfulness? Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing awareness to what is happening in the present moment.  […]

risky behavior

Why Do People Take Part In Risky Behavior?

No lives are completely void of risk taking; however, there is a vast continuum of risk seeking behaviors. Risky behaviors are those that expose us to harm or danger in pursuit of what is perceived as a positive outcome. People pursue risk taking behaviors because of the benefit they think will come from the behavior. […]


Is Alcohol a Stimulant or a Depressant and is it Really So Dangerous?

Alcohol is commonly considered in a separate class from drugs. However, even though it is legal, alcohol does fall into the category of drugs.  Alcohol is in fact a drug.  There is also often confusion if it is considered a stimulant or depressant drug type.  Even while alcohol consumed in small amounts alcohol can have […]

dysfunctional family

What is a Dysfunctional Family?

The descriptor of “dysfunctional family” is used broadly without a clear definition.  The term dysfunction suggests that something is broken or clearly not functioning properly.  While there is a continuum of severity, dysfunctional implies there is consistent conflict and instability, and often even emotional abuse or neglect.  In dysfunctional families, there are generally several negative […]


What is Priming? 

The priming effect is when the introduction of one stimulus impacts how people respond to subsequent stimulus. L. L. Jacoby provides the definition as an increased sensitivity to certain stimuli due to prior experience. Cognitive psychologists suggest priming activates an association in our memories rapidly, before the next stimulus is introduced. It is an unconscious […]

Schizoid Personality Disorder

What is Schizoid Personality Disorder and How Can it be Treated

A Personality disorder is a type of mental illness that involves long term, chronic unhealthy and dysfunctional patterns of thinking and behaviors.  Personality disorders include long-standing and enduring patterns of behavior, which cause challenges in relationships, work, and overall coping abilities.  Individuals with personality disorders engage in patterns of thoughts and behaviors that are unhealthy […]

personality disorder

Understanding Schizotypal Personality Disorder

A personality disorder is a mental condition that is chronic and pervasive throughout one’s life.  It is identified by an unhealthy pattern of thinking, interpreting events, behaving, and reacting.  It causes difficulties for people in relationships, work, and general interactions with others.  There are 10 personality disorders recognized in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic Statistical Manual of […]