People’s actions are always defined and judged by their surroundings. Finding oneself in a gathering and noticing a distinct personality amid the crowd acting all strange and scary is not a pleasant sight.
This article is focused on enlightening individuals on schizophrenia and its characteristic signs and symptoms.
Talking of schizophrenia, it is a chronic brain disorder that affects about one percent of the population. When active, symptoms can include delusions, hallucinations, trouble with thinking and concentration, and lack of motivation. Though, when these symptoms are treated, most people with this disorder will significantly improve over time. In simpler terms, these disorders affect an individual’s ability to think, feel, and behave clearly.
Based on researches conducted, the exact cause of schizophrenia is not known, but a combination of genetics (i.e., genes transferred from parents, etc.), environment and altered brain chemistry could play a role. People suffering from this disorder seems to have lost touch with reality, unable to coordinate their speech and decreased participation in daily activities.
Symptoms associated with schizophrenia usually starts between ages 16 and 30. Males typically experience symptoms a little earlier than females. More often than not, people do not get schizophrenia after they reach age 45. This disorder rarely occurs in children, but awareness of childhood-onset schizophrenia is increasing.
A research carried out by a member of the American psychiatric association takes into account the case of a 20-year-old man who was brought to the emergency room by the campus police of the college from which he had been suspended several months ago.
One of the college professors had called and reported that Myles had walked into his classroom, accused him of taking his tuition money, and refused to leave.
As a teenager, Myles was brilliant. Then suddenly, he started acting strangely. He stopped seeing his friends and no longer seemed to care about his appearance or social pursuits. Then started wearing the same clothes each day and seldom bathed. Even though he lived amongst several family members, he rarely spoke to any of them. The few times he talked to them, he would say he had found clues that his college was just a front for an organized crime operation. He got chased from school for missing too many classes, and the sibling said that she had often seen him talk inaudibly to himself, and often seen talking to people who were not there. He emerges from his room at times and asks his family to be quiet even when they were not making any noise. The family said that they had never known him to use drugs or alcohol and that his drug screening results were negative. Never eats the meal offered by the hospital staff and voiced concern that they might be trying to hide drugs in his food. The man’s father and sister had told the team that his great-grandmother had had severe sickness and that she had lived for 30 years in a state hospital. The mother left the family when he was quite young. She did not keep touch with them, and they believe she might also have been treated for mental health problems too.
This story reflects a typical case, in which a high-functioning young adult goes through a significant downslide in his day-to-day skills. Family members may feel this is a loss of the person they once knew, but the illness can be treated, and a good outcome is possible. He was having persecutory delusions, auditory hallucinations, and negative symptoms that had lasted for at least one year. All of these symptoms fit with a diagnosis of schizophrenia.
Some treatment procedures have been employed in treating cases of schizophrenia, the most essential and useful been anti-psychosis drugs. Other means of addressing such individuals are psychological counselling, self-care resources, and care from close relatives.