Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers developed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator personality test in the 1940’s. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was established from the work of Carl Jung, who theorized about personality types in the 1920’s. In his research, Jung alleged that four psychological measures, sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking, depict how people relate to their world. Attention, processing information, making decisions, and adjustment are the factors encompassed in these four measures. Jung affirmed that the connection between environmental factors and the four measures result in a specific “psychological type”, which provides valuable information about a person’s skills, talents, and propensities. Jung stated that sixteen personality types develop from the merging of the four psychological measures.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is an appraisal tool in multiple choice formats. The Indicator seeks to identify a person’s psychological type by calculating how a person scores pertaining to the four measures. The four measures are grouped into dichotomies, including extroversion versus introversion, sensing versus intuition, thinking versus feeling, and judgment versus perception. One of sixteen possible combinations can result, which is then identified by four letters. These four letters are representative of where a person scores on the four measure dichotomies. An individual who scores high on Extroversion, Sensing, Feeling, and Perception results in an ESFP personality type categorization.
An ESFP personality type is nicknamed “the performer” due to their good-natured and lively disposition. An ESFP enjoys socializing with others and concentrates on truth and reality as opposed to ideas or notions. An ESFP makes choices based on emotions and morals and is generally unstructured and adaptable as opposed to deliberate and methodical. An ESFP is charismatic and well adept at engaging those around them. They are friendly, warmhearted, conversational, and enjoy being the center of attention. They utilize their enthusiasm and playfulness in enticing others to have a good time.
An ESFP lives in the present and finds enjoyment in things and people around them. They utilize their senses to absorb the views, noises, and aromas around them. An ESFP usually has several pastimes and enjoys participating in sports and games with their friends. A person with an ESFP personality does not plan ahead and is always up for a good time. In addition to being joyful and playful, ESFP personalities are also sensible and level headed and extremely observant of their environments.
A person with an ESFP personality type is frequently considered the life of the party and always tries to ensure that others are having a good time. Despite the fact that an ESFP is sociable and likable, they can be difficult to connect with, as they are often averse to talking about anything serious, pessimistic, or off-putting.
ESFP people are skilled at mimicking the mood around them. If they are in a fun and exciting setting, they will emulate a celebratory mood and if in a somber setting, they will reflect understanding and compassion. Due to this unique skill, ESFPs tend to gravitate to career paths that focus on working with others. An individual with an ESFP personality is likely to obtain jobs such as performers, salespeople, planners, and tour guides. They are likely to go into counseling, social work, coaching, or consulting in attempts to increase worker or consumer satisfaction. ESFPs are often inclined to enter the medical field, where they go on to become paramedics and nurses. ESFPs can also do well in creative fields such as music, fashion, or photography. Careers not conducive to an ESFP personality type are those with any type of structure, timetables, or monotony attributed to them.
Tracy is a Licensed Professional Counselor and is a clinical supervisor for the Community YMCA, Counseling & Social Services branch. Tracy has over 12 years of experience working in many settings including partial care hospitalization and intensive outpatient programs, community agencies, group practice, and school-based programs. Tracy works with clients of all ages, but especially enjoys working with the adolescents. Tracy facilitates groups using art therapy, sand play and psychodrama.