Personality psychology is the branch of psychology devoted to personality. Personality psychology professes that an individual’s personality develops early in life and continues to develop throughout their lifespan. Several theories of personality teach that the majority of traits develop during early childhood, that personality is relatively established by late adolescence, and that personality can continue to change into old age. Personality assessments tools serve to measure aspects of an individual’s personality. The first personality assessment tool originated in the 1920’s and was created to assist employers in choosing employees for the workforce, specifically the armed forces.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is a well known personality test created by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is founded on the work of Carl Jung, who believed that individuals use four psychological measures to interact with the world. These four measures include sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking and when combined together, result in sixteen potential personality types. The four measures focus on attention, information processing, decision-making, and overall adjustment. The relationship between the four measures, along with environmental influences, denotes a specific “psychological type”, results in certain abilities, aptitudes, and skill sets.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator asks questions in a multiple choice format and evaluates the four measures in “dichotomies”, including extroversion/introversion, sensing/intuition, thinking/feeling, and judgment/perception. The sixteen possible combinations are identified by four letters, which indicate the end of the dichotomy a person falls in. Thus, an individual who scores high on Extroversion, Intuition, Thinking, and Perception would result in an ENTP personality type categorization.
An ENTP personality type enjoys socializing with others and focuses their energy outwards. An ENTP concentrates more on thoughts and concepts instead of on specifics and particulars. An ENTP uses common sense to make decisions and tends to be unstructured and adaptable rather than deliberate and structured. An ENTP personality type takes pleasure in innovation and is inspired to solve challenges and dilemmas around them. They are intelligent, flexible, and eccentric and desire to comprehend everything about the people and situations that are around them. An ENTP is quick witted, creative, non-judgmental, and confident in their skills and abilities. ENTPs are imaginative, rarely plan, and adapt to situations when encountered. ENTPs are often visionaries who like to create new ways to solve old problems. An ENTP personality type is welcoming, sociable, and charismatic and commonly tries to impress others.
ENTPs are frequently referred to as “the debater” or “the lawyer.” The debater is able to instantly understand a situation and uses logic to act on it. ENTPs commonly find loopholes that help them to win their arguments. ENTPs can be cut off from their feelings or important details, as logic and reasoning are always primary. ENTPs are constantly striving for knowledge and understanding and are eager to solve and overcome obstacles and challenges. ENTPs use their creativity and innovation to solve problems.
ENTPs are loyal and caring and love to banter and debate with their partners. An ENTP personality may have difficulty communicating their feelings to loved ones and can sometimes become bored in their relationships. ENTPs are the least common personality type and are more often found in males than females. This can be somewhat explained by the fact that women are more often feelers than thinkers. ENTP personalities can find satisfaction in careers such as law, engineering, computers, invention, and science. The greatest asset of an ENTP is their willingness to engage and succeed in any problem, challenge, or adventure. They are enthusiastic and always strive to understand all aspects of life, especially if they get an opportunity to debate, argue, or engage in playful banter with others.
Tracy is a Licensed Professional Counselor and is a clinical supervisor for the Community YMCA, Counseling & Social Services branch. Tracy has over 12 years of experience working in many settings including partial care hospitalization and intensive outpatient programs, community agencies, group practice, and school-based programs. Tracy works with clients of all ages, but especially enjoys working with the adolescents. Tracy facilitates groups using art therapy, sand play and psychodrama.