Chances are that you have heard of PostPartum Depression or PPD. While most of us know that there are women who experience feeling sad after they deliver baby – most have no idea of the severity and complexity of PPD.
In this article, we will look at what postpartum depression is, why it happens, and what to do if you suspect PPD.
What Exactly is Postpartum Depression?
Experts have not identified a single underlying cause of PPD. Instead, most believe that many factors contribute to developing this form of clinical depression.
Postpartum depression impacts as many as 1 in 7 new moms. It is so common that it is the most common complication of childbirth.
Who is Most Likely to Develop Postpartum Depression?
PPD can strike any new mom. It can occur in both first-time mothers and mothers who have one or more children. It doesn’t matter if a new mom is married or single, and things like income, age, ethnicity, culture, and education make little difference in your risk of experiencing PPD.
What Puts a Mom at Risk for Postpartum-Depression?
- Previous experience of depression or anxiety
- Changes in hormone levels after childbirth
- Family history of depression or mental illness
- Loneliness, not having close friends and family around
- Stress involved in caring for a newborn and managing new life changes
- Having a challenging baby
- Having a baby with special needs
- Lack of family support
- Health consequences of childbirth
- The physical changes during and after pregnancy
- Financial or employment problems
- Caring for twins, triplets or higher order multiples
- Isolation and lack of social support
- Changes in the sleep cycle
- Other emotional stressors
The Difference Between Baby Blues and Depression
It’s not uncommon for new moms to confuse a PPD diagnosis with the “baby blues”. Baby blues occur when new moms feel more unhappy than normal after delivering their baby. As hormone levels drop, moms can feel moody, sad, tired and generally “blue.” This is very different from PPD.
Unlike the baby blues, PPD doesn’t go away on its own and it impacts the ability to care for a newborn. The symptoms are much more debilitating and longer lasting. Any mom who is concerned about how she is feeling should talk to their doctor without hesitation.
Recognizing the Signs of PPD
In theory it sounds like it would be fairly simple to identify and treat PPD, right? The reality is that after the arrival of your newborn, in the sleep deprived newness of parenting, things can get muddy. Mom’s often think their sadness or anxiety will eventually vanish. Understanding the signs of PPD can help to tease apart normal postpartum blues with true depression.
What are the Symptoms of Postpartum Depression
The symptoms of PPD are different for everyone but may include:
- Fear of not being a good mother
- Not being interested in things you used to enjoy
- Racing thoughts
- Changes in eating patterns
- Feeling anxious
- Excessive irritability, anger, or agitation
- Difficulty sleeping, beyond the typical new parent lack of sleep
- Fear of being left alone with the baby
- Feeling guilty or worthless, including blaming yourself
- Sadness, crying uncontrollably for very long periods of time
- Disinterest in the baby, family, and friends
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering details, or making decisions
- Thoughts of hurting yourself or the baby (seek help immediately if you experience this symptom).
What To Do When You Suspect PPD
If you suspect you or someone you love may be suffering from PPD, anxiety or even the baby blues, the first thing to do is talk about it. Many moms don’t even realize what is going on. In many cases family members are the first ones to see the signs.
If you feel any of the signs of PPD, talk to your doctor right away. There is no need to suffer in silence. PPD is treatable!!
Seeking Help for Postpartum Depression
If you experience these symptoms during pregnancy or after the baby arrives, talk to your doctor. If you recognize any of these signs in someone you love, encourage them to talk to a medical professional. Many women delay seeking treatment for PPD and suffer needlessly.
Postpartum depression is a real diagnosis and is very treatable. Be aware of the signs and symptoms. If you or someone you love are experiencing any of these, talk to a medical professional right away. There is no need to deal with PPD alone.